Political Ideologies

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A political ideology is a certain ethical set of ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement, institution, class, or large group that explains how society should work, and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. Some parties follow a certain ideology very closely, while others may take broad inspiration from a group of related ideologies without specifically embracing any one of them.

List of Political Ideologies[edit]

  • Social-Conservatism: is an ideology that believes government have a role in encouraging or enforcing what they consider traditional values or behaviors based on the belief that these are what keep people civilised and decent;
  • Market-Liberalism: is an ideology that combines free market economy with personal liberty and human rights;
  • Social-Liberalism: is an ideology that upholds personal liberty and human rights but supports also a more mixed economy with state produced public services;
  • Social-Democracy: is an ideology whose goal is to reform capitalism to align it with the ethical ideals of social democracy while maintaining the capitalist mode of production, rather than creating an alternative socialist economic system;
  • Authoritarian Democracy: is an ideology that combines a strong executive power with a full participatory representative government and often large social welfare program; the most well-known governments of this kind are Germany, where the Chancellor and the ministers are appointed by the Kaiser but legislation needs to be approved by the Reichstag and the Bundesrat, and Canada;
  • Paternal Autocracy: is an ideology where Royal or executive power is exercised without any representative structure, as in the Ottoman Empire or the Qing Empire;
  • National Populism: is represented by extremist nationalist and militaristic governments as in Mongolia, Romania and Shangqing Tianguo;
  • Radical Socialism: a toned-down version of Syndicalism, with more democratic structures and safeguards in place; the best example of this ideology is the current government of the Union of Britain;
  • Syndicalism: the leading revolutionary ideology whose aim is to create a nation-wide corporationist structure, with representation through the officially recognized syndicates and trade unions, as in the Commune of France;
  • Totalism: a new to-be-announced doctrine proposed by Oswald Mosley that advocates a total involvement of the state in the internal and economic affairs of the country;